As the path to the Demon King’s Castle turns bleaker, the references and punchlines in this show get more obscure. There’s some segments that basically scream “hi, I am a reference!”, which unfortunately we can’t quite place.
The first bandit’s played by Hashimoto Jun, a stage and voice actor. Here, he’s playing as a kabuki actor; he shows the audience his skills on this discipline by emulating Mikhail Baryshnikov, and by singing “The Theater of Dreams” (a song by Umezawa Tomio)
One of the Devil Priest’s assassins has a raccoon head and is called Rascal – this is referring to an anime from 1977 called “Rascal the Raccoon“, which was pretty popular in Japan back in the days. This show is also quoted as the reason why raccoons (an alien species to the japanese wilderness) were introduced in the country, as its popularity led many people to import raccoons as pets.